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Conversation 1(2015 01 31 Section 1 听力题)
1. What is the student's attitude about speaking in front of other students?
A. He thinks it will be fun.
B. He views it as a useful opportunity.
C. He feels nervous about it.
D. He prefers it to writing papers.
2. The student talks about a species of fungus. What fact about the fungus interests him?
A. It acts as a food source for other fungi.
B. It grows well on wind farms.
C. It can be used as an alternative source of energy.
D. It produces chemicals that destroy toxins.
3. Why does the professor mention trees and apples?
A. To give advice on how to explain fungi and mushrooms
B. To show how the environment can affect growth rates
C. To provide an example of the effects of pesticides
D. To give an example of how a wind farm replaced a fruit farm
4. Why does the professor suggest that the student visit the greenhouse?
A. The student might be able to conduct a research study there.
B. A mushroom species that interests the student is being grown there.
C. Mushrooms grow more quickly there than in other locations.
D. Environmentally safe growing techniques are demonstrated there.
5. Why does the student go to see the professor?
A. To get advice about how much information to include in a paper he is writing
B. To ask for permission to change the topic of an assignment
C. To get help choosing a topic for an assignment
D. To discuss the results of research he has done for a paper he is writing
 

Conversation 2(2015 01 31 Section 2 听力题)
1. What are the speakers mainly discussing?
A. Possible career choices for the woman
B. Employment possibilities for the woman
C. Procedures for applying for a university job
D. Job skills the woman will need as a teacher
2. What does the counselor imply about the child-care center on campus?
Click on 2 answers.
A. It needs a coordinator for its outdoor activities.
B. It hires people who can work during the day.
C. A job there probably pays low wages.
D. A job there requires a long-term commitment.
3. What is the main purpose of the questionnaire that the counselor asks the woman to fill out?
A. To give feedback on the services provided by the career services office
B. To help career counselors monitor students as they search for jobs
C. To help career counselors keep track of how many students have been placed in jobs
D. To help students identify their abilities and preferences
4. When should the woman make another appointment with the counselor?
A. After she searches the job database
B. After she revises her resume
C. After she visits a child-care center
D. After she talks to the director of the campus child-care center
5. What can be inferred about the woman?
A. She does not remember where the child-care center is located.
B. She would like the counselor to show her where the child-care center is located.
C. She did not know that the university has a child-care center.
D. She did not know that the child-care center recently moved to a new location.
 
 
Conversation 3(2015 04 18 Section 2 听力题)
1. What does the woman hope to find out by going to the art museum?
A. What types of volunteer positions are available for students
B. How much she would be paid for working as a tour guide
C. Whether alternative arrangements can be made for becoming a tour guide
D. Why a particular museum employee has not returned her phone calls
2. Why does the woman mention a test that she has to take
A. To explain why she is unable to attend a training session
B. To let the man know that she will be late for the tour on Monday
C. To list one requirement she must fulfill to receive extra credit
D. To show that she is aware of what she must do to become a tour guide
3. Why does the woman want to start working at the art museum before the current semester ends?
A. To fulfill a graduation requirement
B. To improve her grade in a class
C. To earn money for the following semester
D. To conduct research for a paper
4. What does the man imply when he mentions Professor Tyler?
A. That he is familiar with the situation the woman is in
B. That the training session for new tour guides covers some of the same material covered in art history classes
C. That Professor Tyler recognizes which students would make good tour guides
D. That Professor Tyler may have given the woman incorrect
5. According to the man, why might the woman want to consider a data processing position
Click on 2 answers.
A. It is probably more exciting than working as a tour guide.
B. It would allow the woman to begin working immediately.
C. It would give the woman experience in her major.
D. It could eventually lead to a paying job.
 
Conversation 4(2015 06 14 Section 2 听力题)
1. Why does the student go to see his academic adviser
A. He wants to drop two of the courses he is taking this semester.
B. He wants to get help with two of the classes he is taking this semester.
C. He wants to find out which classes he is required to take next semester.
D. He wants to change his course selections for next semester.
2. What is the academic adviser's response when she learns that the student has registered for four courses that require final papers
A. She feels she should have noticed this situation earlier.
B. She feels the courses will help the student improve his writing skills.
C. She thinks the courses will be easier than the student thinks.
D. She thinks the student should have taken more care when selecting his courses.
3. What factor helps the student decide which language he will study?
A. It was the only language class with seats still available.
B. It was the language he studied in high school.
C. His friend will be studying the same language.
D. His friend recommended a professor who teaches the language.
4. What two requirements must students have fulfilled before they can take a precalculus course at the university?
Click on 2 answers.
A. They need to have received permission from the professor who will teach the course.
B. They need to have taken three years of mathematics classes in high school.
C. They need to have passed a mathematics test given by the university.
D. They need to have taken three mathematics courses at the university.
5. What class does the student imply he feels most confident about doing well in
A. Introduction to World Poetry
B. The European Novel
C. Precalculus
D. Latin
 

Conversation 5(2015 07 05 Section 1 听力题)
1. Why does the student go to see the facilities director
A. To find out when the current parking garage construction will be completed
B. To provide student input about the lack of parking accommodations on campus
C. To get information about the upcoming Oak Tree dormitory renovations
D. To present ideas that could improve living conditions in the Oak Tree dormitory
2. What does the student say about the parking garage?
Click on 2 answers.
A. It will be very cold in the winter.
B. It will be convenient.
C. It will be unpleasant to look at.
D. It will increase nearby traffic.
3. Why does the facilities director mention the head groundskeeper?
A. To acknowledge that the student's comments are worth consideration
B. To point out that this year's budget for planting trees has already been spent
C. To identify the person the student will need to meet with next
D. To illustrate how many people are involved in building the parking garage
4. What point does the student make about Tommy Reynolds?
A. He came up with the idea to plant trees between the dormitory and the garage.
B. He is interested in attending the facilities department meeting to represent the dormitory residents' interests.
C. He convinced the dormitory residents to get together to write down their concerns.
D. He provided the calculations that support renovating the dormitory.
5. What is the facility director's attitude about installing additional insulation?
A. She is pleased that she has student support for the project.
B. She hopes the project can be completed before the end of the year.
C. She is doubtful that the current residents would benefit from the modification.
D. She does not believe that there will be sufficient cost savings.
 
 
Lecture 1 Chemistry(2015 01 31 L2)
 
1. What is the main purpose of the lecture?
A. To discuss the advantages of heating substances in microwave ovens
B. To discuss recent research that may lead to improved microwave ovens
C. To point out problems in the use of superheating to produce medicines
D. To prepare students for upcoming experiments in the laboratory
2. Why does the professor talk about making coffee?
A. To describe how he dissolved coffee particles to prevent nucleation
B. To introduce the concept of microwave superheating
C. To reassure the students that some of the experiments will be as simple as making coffee
D. To warn the students not to superheat liquids containing dissolved chemicals
3. Why does the professor mention that once nucleation has occurred, added heat is used to convert liquid water into water vapor?
A. To explain why the temperature of water does not rise beyond the boiling point when water is heated in a metal pot on a stove
B. To point out similarities in heating liquids using microwave ovens and using conventional stoves
C. To explain why water that is exposed to microwaves will appear to be hot when it really is not
D. To point out that it is better to avoid making coffee in a microwave oven
4. The professor talks about using microwave ovens for superheating during the students' laboratory experiments.  What two possible results of superheating does he mention?
Click on 2 answers.
A. An increased flow of electrical current through the superheated liquid
B. An acceleration of reaction between chemicals in the superheated liquid
C. The decomposition of chemicals in the superheated liquid
D. The creation of tiny scratches and dents on the interior surface of the container
5. What is the professor's attitude about the use of microwave ovens by pharmaceutical companies in the production of medicines?
A. The use of microwave ovens is hazardous because it prevents control of temperatures.
B. The use of microwave ovens produces satisfactory results but is not worth the added expense.
C. The use of microwave ovens may allow companies to produce medicines more efficiently than traditional heating methods do.
D. More research should be done before replacing traditional heating equipment with microwave ovens.
 
6. According to the professor, what two laboratory practices that are used by pharmaceutical companies will students also use in their experiments?
Click on 2 answers.
A. Using containers that have been developed to ensure nucleation
B. Using a new type of microwave to superheat all liquids
C. Using smooth containers that have been specially designed for microwave use
D. Using sealed containers to allow the pressure inside to increase during heating
 

Lecture 2 Film studies(2015 01 31 CN L3)
 
1. What does the professor mainly discuss?
A. How film-editing techniques have changed over time
B. The effect of editing on viewers' perceptions of a film
C. Differences between fiction films and documentary films
D. How Kuleshov's experiences as an actor influenced his filmmaking
2. What point does the professor make when he describes a shot of a speaker that cuts to a shot of a crowd?
A. Filmmakers have difficulty manipulating time and space within individual scenes.
B. Kuleshov's early films used editing more extensively than his later films did.
C. Audiences tend to infer relationships between consecutive shots.
D. The filming of a crowd and the speaker on different days confused the viewers.
3. The professor describes Kuleshov'smost famous film experiment. In the experiment, what aspect of the film did the audience praise?
A. The actor's ability to portray a variety of different characters
B. The actor's ability to express a wide range of feelings
C. Kuleshov's use of a popular actor
D. Kuleshov's ability to use scenery to create dramatic effects
4. What was Kuleshov's attitude toward the actors in his films?
A. He considered their acting abilities irrelevant to a finished film.
B. He depended on them to bring emotional impact to his films.
C. He believed that their training was often inadequate.
D. He valued their opinions about the filmmaking process.
5. What is the professor's opinion of the Kuleshov effect?
A. He thinks it is only of historical interest.
B. Film historians have overstated its impact on audiences.
C. It has a more dramatic impact in short films than in long films.
D. As a filmmaker, he finds it useful.
6. What does the professor imply about documentary films?
A. Most of them are produced without editing.
B. They tend to require more close-up shots than fiction films do.
C. They do not present events in an entirely neutral way.
D. They make more intentional use of the Kuleshov effect than fiction films do.
 
 
Lecture 3 Archaeology(2015 04 18 CN L1)
1. What is the lecture mainly about?
A. The influence of Incan culture on later Peruvian civilizations
B. The significance of archaeological findings in a region of Peru
C. The controversy surrounding a new method of archaeological research
D. The renovation of rectangular pyramids found in Peru
2. Why does the professor discuss the Aspero site in Peru?
A. To provide evidence of an ancient Peruvian culture's knowledge of irrigation techniques
B. To point out that the Aspero pyramids are different from those found at other Norte Chico sites
C. To explain a belief about Peruvian history that was later challenged
D. To clarify which of the twenty residential centers in the Norte Chico region was the largest
3. What is the professor's opinion about the current archaeological classification of the Norte Chico culture?
A. The culture should be considered complex in spite of the unusual way
it developed.
B. The culture seems to have followed the pattern that is typical of other major ancient civilizations.
C. The failure of the culture to produce ceramic pottery indicates a lack of advancement.
D. More evidence is needed before the culture can be classified into one of the existing categories.
4. According to the professor, what crop was NOT cultivated by the ancient inhabitants of the Norte Chico region
A. Chilies
B. Grains
C. Beans
D. Avocados
5. What does the professor imply about the significance of the khipu that were produced by the Norte Chico culture?
A. They represent the culture's first attempts at creating fabric.
B. They confirm the importance of cotton in the regional economy.
C. They suggest that early inhabitants of the region's coastal areas used fishing nets.
D. They may constitute one of the earliest known forms of written communication.
6. What does the professor say about how the city of Caral came to an end?
A. People moved to the coast to have greater access to the ocean's resources.
B. Outside enemy forces invaded the city.
C. The city's inhabitants initiated a rebellion.
D. The city's inhabitants abandoned the city in an organized manner.
 
 
Lecture 4 Biology(2015 01 31 CN L1)
1. What is the lecture mainly about?
A. Historical examples of speciation caused by barriers to gene flow
B. How barriers to gene flow can lead to changes in plants and animals
C. How barriers to gene flow affect mating behavior in related animals
D. How humans have influenced the evolution of plant and animal species
2. What point does the professor emphasize when she discusses birds and their songs?
A. Male birds often change the pace and pitch of their song to attract a mate.
B. Birds are sensitive tosmall variations in their species' song.
C. There is no proof that local dialects of birdsong affect behavior.
D. There is no solid evidence that an individual bird's song changes over time.
3. According to the professor, why did Elizabeth Derryberry study the white-crowned sparrow?
A. Its song has several regional dialects.
B. Its behaviors are typical of those of other songbirds.
C. Its evolution into two subspecies is well documented.
D. Its song has been recorded over many years.
4. How did Derry berry's research with female white-crested sparrows differ from her research with male white-crested sparrows?
A. Only the female birds were in cages.
B. More female birds than male birds were studied.
C. Mating songs were only played to female birds.
D. Male birds were studied for a longer time than female birds were.
5. What does the professor conclude about the results of Derry berry's research?
A. They cannot be applied to other species of songbirds.
B. They suggest that modern white-crested sparrows are dividing into two species.
C. They suggest that behavioral barriers cause speciation faster than physical barriers do.
D. They show that old technology can be used in new ways.
6. Why does the professor refer to the Great Wall of China?
Click on 2 answers.
A. To criticize a theory about speciation
B. To make a point about the speed of the speciation process
C. To identify a cause of genetic differentiation within a species
D. To point out the region's biological diversity
 
 
 
 
Lecture 5 Art history(2015 04 18 CN L4)
1. What is the lecture mainly about?
A. The evolution of Vermeer's painting style
B. Ways that Vermeer's use of models influenced later Dutch painters
C. Efforts to establish the date of one of Vermeer's paintings
D. The enduring appeal of one of Vermeer's paintings
2. According to the professor, how do portraits differ from tronies?
Click on 2 answers.
A. In portraits, the head and shoulders are facing the same direction.
B. In portraits, the subject is intended to represent a specific person.
C. In portraits, a larger proportion of the subject's body is included in the painting.
D. In portraits, the overall dimensions of the painting are larger.
3. Why does the professor describe waysin which light is depicted in Girl with a Pearl Earring?
Click on 2 answers.
A. To make a point about the quality of paint used by Vermeer
B. To imply that Vermeer's style was in transition when the painting was made
C. To point out the precision of Vermeer's observations
D. To give an example of Vermeer's masterful painting technique
4. Why does a student mention the Mona Lisa?
A. To suggest that it might have influenced Vermeer's painting ofGirl with a Pearl Earring
B. To point out a similarity in the expressions of Vermeer's model and the woman in the Mona Lisa
C. To ask for clarification about the methods used to assign time periods to undated paintings
D. To question why Girl with a Pearl Earring has not yet been analyzed by a computer
5. According to the professor, what aspect of Girl with a Pearl Earring appealed to the creators of the novel and the opera?
A. Its similarity to other paintings that have inspired writers and composers
B. Its history of ownership by a series of well-known art collectors
C. The way it allowed them to invent a story about the subject of the painting
D. The culture represented by the clothing and jewelry depicted in the painting
6. The professor describes how scholars estimated the date that Girl with a Pearl Earring was painted. What is his opinion of this estimate?
A. It is not fully convincing because it is based on subjective impressions.
B. It relies too heavily on the date that the painting was first sold.
C. It should have taken into account the ages of all of Vermeer's children.
D. Scholars should have agreed on specific dates before making their estimate public.
 
 
 
Lecture 6 Science(2015 05 09 CN L1)
1. What is the main purpose of the lecture?
A. To describe the potential impact that faster computers could have
B. To explain a specific approach to computer design and technology
C. To describe different functions computers can perform for their users
D. To explain Leonardo da Vinci's role in the history of computer design
2. Why does the professor discuss Leonardo da Vinci's work?
A. To explain the origin of the idea of old computing
B. To compare it to the work of other early inventors
C. To illustrate that some ideas in science were first suggested in works of art
D. To help explain the fundamental idea behind new computing
3、According to the professor, how is old computing different from new computing?
A. Old computing cannot be used to create complex programs.
B. Old computing tries to accommodate more types of users.
C. Old computing concentrates less on the needs of users.
D. Old computing focuses less on making fast computers.
4. According to the professor, what is an important step for developers to take in designing easy-to-use computers?
A. Determining the reasons that some computers are slow
B. Becoming familiar with the design of currently existing computers
C. Testing the new design for its compatibility with older systems
D. Getting information from potential users early in the design process
5. What is the professor's opinion about the goals of old computing?
A. They probably will not help designers solve modern problems.
B. They are important for disciplines other than computer science.
C. They are still relevant to designers developing new products.
D. They are not compatible with the goals of new computing.
6. Why does the professor mention how well-informed people are about medical issues today?
A. To illustrate how current technology can succeed in supporting human activities
B. To contrast people's medical knowledge today with that of people in da Vinci's time
C. To support a claim about the limitations of new computing
D. To question whether people use computers appropriately
 
 
 
Lecture 7 Psychology(2015 05 16 CN L1)
 
1. What does the professor mainly discuss?
A. Different ways to apply a particular teaching technique
B. Research showing that most students have learning-style preferences
C. An analysis of research into a particular approach to teaching
D. Feedback from teachers who adapted their teaching styles to the learning styles of individual students
2. What did the psychologists conclude after reviewing research on the meshing hypothesis?
A. The hypothesis is not adequately supported by valid research data.
B. Teachers should adapt their lessons to students' individual learning styles.
C. Students generally learn best through hands-on activities.
D. Individual learning styles differ much more than previously believed.
3. According to the professor, how might school spending be affected by the psychologists' findings?
A. Schools could focus on spending that addresses the diverse needs of individual students.
B. Schools could reduce costs by eliminating purchases of unnecessary materials.
C. Schools could find new sources of income so that they can afford to introduce more advanced teaching methods.
D. Schools could ignore the psychologists' recommendations in order to save money.
4. What does the professor's example of a science class illustrate?
A. A teaching approach in which students could choose among several types of learning activities
B. A reason that teachers need to know the learning styles of individual students
C. A situation in which the teaching method was matched to the lesson's content
D. An opportunity for students to discuss their learning-style preferences with one another
5. What is the professor's attitude toward new trends in education
A. They have been responsible for major educational improvements in recent years.
B. They can be ignored, since they rarely lead to improved teaching methods.
C. Teachers should be aware of them but not adopt them without proof that they are effective.
D. Teachers should put them into practice without further delay.
6. What does the professor mention as a weakness of the article published by the psychologists?
A. Its conclusions are contradicted by newly published research.
B. Its conclusions are limited to lessons taught in science classes.
C. The psychologists did not follow the scientific method carefully enough.
D. The psychologists failed to consider teachers' accounts of classroom experiences.
 
 

Lecture 8 Oceanography(2015 05 16 CN L3)
1. What is the main purpose of the lecture?
A. To describe some methods and findings of ocean-acoustics research
B. To compare whale songs with other underwater sounds
C. To present evidence that climate change is affecting Antarctic ice
D. To introduce students to the work of a leading ocean-acoustics researcher
2. How does the professor organize the lecture?
A. By describing a relatively new scientific discipline, then explaining how it began
B. By describing deep-sea biological sounds, then comparing them with geological sounds
C. By describing some deep-sea sounds, then discussing the challenge of identifying their source
D. By defining interdisciplinary research, then giving an extended example of how it works
3. According to the professor, what does Christopher Fox believe is the likely source of Slowdown?
A. Airplanes flying low over the ocean
B. A volcano on the ocean floor
C. Groups of whales migrating
D. Ice slipping across land
4. What does the professor think may be an important use of ocean-acoustics research?
A. It may help researchers identify mysterious sounds in other environments.
B. It may provide new information about climate change.
C. It may reveal a relationship between earthquakes and underwater volcanoes.
D. It may help biologists track whales' migration routes.
5. How do scientists make it possible to hear sounds from the deep sea?
A. By eliminating all low-frequency sounds from undersea recordings
B. By combining recordings made underwater with recordings made above the water surface
C. By making a recording in which nothing can be heard, then speeding up the recording
D. By using a seismometer to identify the sound's location, then placing a hydrophone there
6. What is similar about Upsweep and Bloop?
A. Both vary in frequency from season to season.
B. Both are audible over long distances.
C. Both are made by sea animals.
D. Both are made by geologic forces near islands.
Lecture 9 Theatre history(2015 05 16 CN L4)
1. What is the purpose of the lecture?
A. To explore the relationship between theater and other art forms
B. To discuss an early-twentieth-century artistic movement
C. To explain how current technology influences modern art
D. To describe an effort to revive Futurist theater
2. Why does the professor mention Neoclassicism?
A. To imply that it shares some similarities with Italian Futurism
B. To contrast its sources of inspiration with those of Italian Futurism
C. To identify artistic movements that developed at the same time as Italian Futurism
D. To give an example of a style of theater that had influenced Italian Futurism
3. According to the professor, what are two features of the Italian Futurists' performances that reflected their artistic ideals?
Click on 2 answers.
A. Actors talking at varying speeds during their performances
B. A wide variety of works performed in rapid succession
C. Plays that were much shorter than traditional plays
D. Works that were performed only one time
4. According to the professor, what did simultaneity represent to Italian Futurists?
A. The confusion and energy of their time
B. The recurrence of themes found in traditional art forms
C. The ability of people to communicate over distances
D. The integration of old and new ideas
5. What does the professor imply about audiences' reactions at performances by Italian Futurists?
A. The reactions indicated an acceptance of Futurist ideals.
B. The reactions varied widely from one performance to another.
C. The reactions were not what the Futurists expected.
D. The reactions were an intended result of the production.
6. What does the professor mean when he says this:
A. He does not agree with what the student said.
B. The student made a point that he had intended to discuss.
C. He expected the student to say something else.
D. The student said something that he found humorous.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lecture 10 Environmental policy(2015 05 24 CN L4)
1. What is the lecture mainly about?
(A) Ways to generate heat for nuclear fusion
(B) Differences between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion
(C) A controversial theory regarding how to generate nuclear fusion
(D) The possibility of establishing sustained nuclear fusion
2. According to the students, what are three advantages of nuclear fusion over nuclear fission
Click on 3 answers.
(A) Nuclear fusion can use a fuel that is more easily obtained.
(B) Nuclear fusion can be achieved at lower temperatures.
(C) Nuclear fusion produces more energy.
(D) Nuclear fusion does not produce hazardous by-products.
(E) Nuclear fusion does not require as many natural resources.
3. Why does the professor mention isotopes of hydrogen?
(A) To correct a student's comment about how fusion takes place in stars
(B) To help answer a student's question about temperature requirements for fusion reactors
(C) To explain what happens to hydrogen atoms during fusion reactions
(D) To justify the need for superconducting magnets in nuclear fusion reactors
4. According to the professor, how will the ITER reactor differ from earlier experimental fusion reactors?
Click on 2 answers.
(A) It will be transportable to different locations.
(B) It will sustain nuclear reactions through heat that it generates on its own.
(C) It will heat the fuel mixture to a higher temperature.
(D) It will confine the plasma in a more energy-efficient way.
5. What does the professor say about the international effort todevelop ITER?
(A) The participation of many countries may cause ITER to be delayed even more.
(B) The research orientation of ITER has encouraged international collaboration.
(C) ITER will make use of equipment made in many different countries.
(D) The lack of international cooperation on earlier fusion projects has hurt ITER.
6. What does the professor imply when he says this:
(A) He prefers to work on projects with more immediate results.
(B) He believes that research in the physical sciences requires strict time lines.
(C) He thinks it will take less time to develop ITER than most researchers expect.
(D) He is more skeptical about the future of nuclear fusion than most researchers are.
 

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