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托福阅读题型当中,句意替换题一道。这种题目注重考察学生对长难句的分析理解,对长句子结构的把握,是否能准确找出主谓宾。这样的题其实并不难,即便原文意思没有看懂,只要能清晰的把主谓宾的顺序及逻辑关系对应上,依然可以做对题。我们以下面这两道题为例

In a typical business conference, associates meet to discuss policy or to solve problems. The average participants do not do much specific preparing; their background and thinking usually formulate their contribution. But it is best If all participants know in advance the purpose of the conference. Some general preparation may be in order, and participants may want to take into the conference materials or data that might useful if a matter comes up.

Q: Which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage?

A. Although participants cannot be expected to do too much, they should do some general preparation.

B. The conference leader should prepare all of the materials and data that will be used in the conference.

C. There is a general order to most conferences, with participants contributing ideas and information.

D. As general preparation, participants can bring materials or data that might be a part of the discussion.

解析:原句and并列两句话,句1的主要信息是preparation in order。句2的主要信息是participants materials or data。

A 没有尽管-但是的逻辑关系,B 没有提到conference leader,C 没有提到information 和idea

所以答案为D
 
Ruminants-cattle, bison, sheep, goats, deer, antelopes, and giraffes-have a large four-chambered stomach that enables them to digest fibrous plant matter. When a ruminant first swallows a mouthful of grass or leaves, the food enters the stomach's first chamber, the rumen, where bacteria start to break down the cellulose-rich matter and form it into small balls of cud. The ruminant periodically returns the cud to its mouth where it is chewed at length to crush the fibers, making them more accessible to further bacterial action. The ruminant then re-swallows the cud, which passes through the other three chambers of the stomach for further digestion.

Q: Which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage?

A. Ruminants eat continuously, spending long periods eating grass and chewing their cud in order to access the nutrients.

B.The bacterial action begins when the ruminant puts the cud in its mouth and starts the long process of chewing.

C. The ruminant's strong teeth must crush the plant fibers in the cud in order to neutralize the cud's harmful bacteria.

D. The cud is sent back to the ruminant's mouth and chewed extensively so that the fibers can be digested more easily.
 
解析:原句是带有伴随状语的句子,主句的主要信息是The ruminantreturns the cudto its mouth。
A 没有提到nutrient,B 重点信息不是bacteria,C 没有提到ruminant's teeth
所以答案为D

本篇文章由沈阳托福培训通途国际英语的Trista老师为大家带来的托福阅读句意替换题分析,Trista老师的题型分析,推荐给大家。

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Tags:托福 托福阅读 责任编辑:Trista
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