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托福阅读题型当中,分类题一道,而且是出现在最后一道。考查学生对文章细节的记忆,题目不难,并且有前13道题的铺垫,对于选项中模糊的可以回原文重新确认即可。

ANIMALS AND PLANTS

We can distinguish animals from plants by looking at their contrasting modes of nutrition. Unlike plants, animals cannot manufacture their own food. Animals cannot construct organic molecules from inorganic chemicals to plants can during photosynthesis. Animals must take pre-formed organic molecules into their bodies.

Most animals do this by ingestion—that is, by eating other organisms or organic material. Animals store their food reserves as glycogen, whereas plants store their food as starch.

Animal cells lack the cell wallsthatcharacterizeplant cells, and animal cells have unique types of junctions between them. In most animals, cells are successively organized into tissues, organs, and organ systems. Animals have two types of tissues that plants do not have. The first is nervous tissue, for the conduction of electrical impulses, and the other is muscle tissue, for movement. Nerves and muscles, which control active behavior, are unique to animals.
Animal life began in the Precambrian seas with the evolution of multi-cellular forms that lived by eating other organisms. This new way of life ted to an evolutionary explosion of diverse forms. Early animals populated the seas, fresh water, and eventually the land. The diversity of animal life on Earth today is the result of over half a billion years of evolution from those first ancestors that consumed other life forms.
 
Q: Select the appropriate sentences from the answer choices and match them to the form of life that they describe. TWO of the answer choices will NOT be used.
 

Plants

F
H
I
                                  

Animals

A
B
D
E
 
A. They are not able to manufacture their own food.
B. They construct organic molecules from inorganic chemicals.
C. They have the ability to survive on another planet.
D. Nerves and muscles control their active behavior.
E. They evolved from multi-cellular forms that ate other organisms.
F. They store their food reserves as starch.
G. They have evolved very little over one billion years.
H. They have neither nervous tissue nor muscle tissue.
I. Their cells do not have wall.
根据文章,动物与植物的区分点很明显,相对应上即可

本文由沈阳托福培训通途国际英语的Trista老师为小伙伴们总结的,更多精彩内容请访问通途国际英语托福频道。
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